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1  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: DeWitt Clinton on: October 19, 2017, 09:21:44 AM
Did you perchance happen to turn one of the tender trucks around?  That would do it.
2  Discussion Boards / General Discussion / Re: 1800s locomotive color schemes on: September 15, 2017, 02:46:06 PM
Steam locomotives were the "space shuttles" of the mid-19th century, and were generally treated as such.  It was partly Victorian style, partly pride of ownership, and partly pride of craftsmanship that resulted in the various colorful schemes.  This practice lasted into the last quarter of the 1800's, but began fading as railroads consolidated, became more uniform in their practices, and looked to economize by not spending money on the labor needed to apply and maintain the more elaborate finishes. Black was sort of the default finish becuase it was durable and compatible with the black cinders they rained down on the equipment. The use of "Russia Iron"  appears to have lasted into the early 20th century with some roads.  Vestiges of special decoration lasted almost to the end of steam - witness the striping patterns on the Pennsylvania RR's passenger locos, the Southern Railway's apple green locos, and the B&O's President class Pacifics.  The finishes you see today on locos such as the Golden Spike replicas, the narrow-gauge "Eureka", and the "York" at the Steaming into History operation near York, PA are pretty accurate to the time and place they represent. 
3  Discussion Boards / General Discussion / Re: 1800s locomotive color schemes on: September 15, 2017, 12:49:17 PM
Here is one good source:  http://www.pacificng.com/template.php?page=/ref/color/index.php
4  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: Cass Scenic Railroad on: September 11, 2017, 06:29:01 PM
I was there two weekends ago, for the first time in many years.  IIRC, No. 11 was working the Whitaker train, and we had the Pacific Coast engine on our Bald Knob run.  First visit, the old shops were still standing, along with about half the mill.  I rented WM 6 and a photo freight back in 1982 and ran all the way to Durbin and back.  Cost? $850.00!  The new D&GV management hopes to have the Durbin line back in 2019, and maybe both Climaxes.  Right now, Heisler 6 is working the "Durbin Rocket" while the Climax is undergoing her 1,472 work.  Note that B&O modeler/expert Bruce Eliot is building a very large B&O display layout in Greenbank and visitors are welcome.  Google him for details. 
5  Discussion Boards / On30 / 2-foot Garretts in S. Africa - 2017 on: September 08, 2017, 10:58:18 AM
Mr. Bachmann - Some inspiration?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ec9HtqfdgU
6  Discussion Boards / On30 / Re: How about adding a 2-6-0. an 8-18d 2-6-0 on: September 05, 2017, 11:22:54 AM
Compounding for steam locos means using the steam twice before exhausing it.  After being used one in a cylinder stroke the steam still have a lot of energy left, but at a lower effective pressure.  It can be routed to another cylinder that has a larger diameter than the initial (high pressure) cylinder to compensate for the lower pressure.  If you look at pics of early articulateds, the front cylinders are much larger than the rear for this reason.  Using the steam twice increases the efficiency of the loco, resulting in better water and fuel usage.  With standard non-articulateds, there were two common methods of compounding - Cross compounds, where the cylinder on one side is larger than the other side; a Vauclain compound (named for the president of Baldwin in the turn of the century period) where on first look the cylinders look like they have two valves, when in fact one of them is the high pressure cylinder.  The development of the superheater spelled the end for most compounds, since the efficiency was achieved without all the extra machinery. 

Three-cylinder locos were developed in the 1920's mostly to give some extra boost.  They were not compounds - all cylinders received high-pressure steam.  They weren't overly popular in the U.S., probably more so in Europe.  The Southern Pacific had a fleet of 4-10-2 three-cylilnder locos.  The U.P.'s fleet of 4-12-2's were originally three-cylinder machines.  The third cylinder and valve were buried in the middle of the cylinder saddle.  The give-away was the Gresley valve gear mounted on the pilot deck.  The Baldwin 60,000 4-10-2 on display at the Franklin Institute in Phildadelphia is a three-cylinder loco.
7  Discussion Boards / On30 / Re: Steam wish list. on: August 09, 2017, 08:49:25 AM
I've mentioned before a desire for a non-Rocky Mountains Consol, like the Lawndale 2-8-0's.  It is small and pretty generic, making it suitable for bashing into similar prototypes.
8  Discussion Boards / General Discussion / Re: Diesel or Steam? on: July 31, 2017, 11:09:51 AM
Dave:  Your "non-0-6-0" would lead to the Consolidation - these engines were the "maids of all work" during the steam era.  The Bachmann loco is a typical 1920's era loco that would last until the end of steam.  Consols were the primary freight power from the 1870's until the early 20th Century when the Mikados and other trailing truck locos came to prominence.  The last steam loco in regular service in the U.S. was a 2-8-0, running into the 1980's.
9  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: Bachman 2-8-4 kitbashing. on: July 17, 2017, 09:23:27 AM
IIRC, the stillborn B&O 4-8-4 was intended to utilize some form of Vee-engine design, with a two-cylinder Vee engine hooked up to each driver axle.  I think Mt. Clare actually got some work started before management decided that diesels were the better deal. 
10  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: Running Bachmann trains under 220v conditions on: July 12, 2017, 11:31:11 AM
You can get travel power converters that drop the voltage from 220 to 110.  I've used one on my overseas trips.  They should be sufficient to power a trainset power pack. 
11  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: Replacing Headlight Bulbs or LEDS and Stuff on: July 11, 2017, 10:02:20 AM
I was going to chime in too - the photos didn't come through, just some banner about needing to update Photobucket.
12  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: k-4's k-5's on: June 22, 2017, 02:00:33 PM
Yes, there is quite often a difference between "official" designations and operations parlance.  Among head-end people, use of the number reference was more accurate terminology because everyone knew exactly what was meant.  "Those 2100's couldn't get traction in a sand house, but those 2400's would pull everything out of the yard".  That sort of thing.  As for the PRR, they had a big habit of spreading loco numbers all over the place with no reference to class or type of loco. 
13  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: k-4's k-5's on: June 20, 2017, 04:51:58 PM
OK, some more on steam locos.  The various wheel arrangements were given generic names to help sort them out for folks who didn't know all the various classifcations of the different roads.  Sone of these names were often tied to the road that first ordered a particular type - The Consolidation (2-8-0) name came from the 1860's when several railroads consolidated into the Lehigh Valley and ordered that new wheel arrangement.  Atlantics (4-4-2) were named after the Atlantic City RR;  Pacifics came from the Missouri Pacific.  Here's a partial list of some of the more common types:

4-4-0 - American
4-6-0 - Ten-Wheeler
2-6-0 - Mogul
2-8-0 - Consolidation
2-8-2 - Mikado
4-4-2 - Atlantic
4-6-2 - Pacific
4-8-2 - Mountain
4-8-4 - Northern (or Niagra, Pocono, Greenbrier, Dixie, etc.  Long story about these various names)
14  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: k-4's k-5's on: June 14, 2017, 10:00:58 AM
Most every large railroad had its own number and classification system.  The Santa Fe, for instance, simply used the number from the lead unit of a particular design series, such as the 3776 class of 4-8-4's.  The Pennsy used the letter-number system, with the letter indicating the wheel arrangement (K for 4-6-2's) and the number being the particular design (a K-4 being the fourth in the Pacific design series).  With the B&O, the alphabet letter denoted the wheel arrangement.  An E class was a 2-8-0 and the following number the particular design series (E-27).  An L class was an 0-8-0.  Articulateds used the letter designations for each engine set wheel arrangement.  Thus, an EL-3 was a 2-8-8-0.  The EM-1 was a 2-8-8-4. 
15  Discussion Boards / HO / Re: k-4's k-5's on: June 12, 2017, 09:29:00 AM
At least one of the K-5's spent a lot of time on the Northern Central line from Baltimore to Harrisburg.  I suspect that part of the decision on whether to build more of them or not was determined when the great Depression hit.  A lot of locos went in dead storage in the 1930's, so there was no real need for any more passenger locos.  When the economy started perking up in the late '30's the Pennsy was well into dual drive designs - T-1's, the Q-1 and the Q-2's, plus the S-1 turbine. 
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